(Chetan Bragta*) 7th January 2019 was a propitious day for Indians citizens as Lok Sabha of India approved a constitutional amendment bill for the economically backward sections of general category by providing 10% reservation in government jobs and in the field of education. The Narendra Modi government had put in all their efforts for the support of bill which will benefit millions of Indians.
‘Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikaas’, was echoed in the parliament when three hundred and twenty-three Lok Sabha members voted in support for the bill whereas only three members voted against it.
The Constitutional Amendment Bill to provide reservation to the financially more fragile segments has been passed by the two Houses of Parliament. It will soon be a part of India’s Constitution. Caste in India was considered as a key determinant of either social or authentic persecution as on account of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes or a determinant of social and instructive backwardness as on account of the Other Backward Classes. Poverty, in any case, is a common criteria. It cuts crosswise over networks and religions. Poverty as a criteria for a cut out does not at all repudiate the fundamental structure of the Constitution.
The first Constitution in its Preamble specifies Equality of Opportunity and Justice for all whether political, social or economical to be guaranteed by the State. The Preamble communicates the goal of the Constitution designers. It is a guide to the understanding of what establishes the essential structure. Nor does the cut out among the general non-held classes for 10 percent of their poor in any capacity get confined by the 50 percent reservation ban put by the Supreme Court. In the Indra Sawhney case, the Supreme Court had completely referenced that 50 percent criteria applies just to the caste based reservations conceived in Article 16(4) of the Constitution. Reservation would be “in addition to the existing reservations & subject to a maximum of 10 per cent of the total seats in each category”.
Who will get the advantage?
There are certain nuts and bolts must be met by a person so as to qualify as a recipient for the reservation:
Individuals with a yearly salary of beneath Rs 8 lakh from all standing will get profits by this.
Individuals with farming area beneath five hectares are qualified for the share.
The individuals who have a house underneath 1,000 sq. ft. will get the advantages of this quantity.
Individuals claimed private land beneath 109 yards in the city territory.
Private land beneath 209 yards in a non-district region may likewise profit by this move.
Regardless, PM Narendra Modi’s choice to constrain a plan for poverty based reservation is the single most prominent acknowledgment/worry for poor over the general classes and the need to dispense with destitution. The primary opposition party indicated just lip sympathy toward the measure and hesitantly bolstered it while jabbing openings in the equivalent.
Note*: Article is written by Chetan Bragta, Former Banker now IT Head and Convener, BJP Himachal